Bhai Mani Singh Shaheedi Diwas
2023 Marks the 286th Anniversary of Bhai Mani Singh's Shaheedi. He was martyred by dismemberment (cutting joint by joint) at Lahore in 1737 following the orders of Governor Zakaria Khan.
|Shaheedi Diwas||Date CE||Sikh Calendar|
|Bhai Mani Singh Ji||July 9th, 2023||Harh 25, 555 Nanakshahi|
Brief Life Sketch
Bhai Mani Singh was born on 10 March 1644 A.D* at village Alipur, district Muzaffargarh (Multan Region). He came for a glimpse of Guru Har Rai to Kiratpur with his father Mai Dass for the first time and stayed back for service of the Guru's institution.
He was married at fifteen to Bibi Sito, the daughter of Bhai Lakhi Rai. After the battle of Nadaun of 1690 A.D., Guru Gobind Singh entrusted him with the service of Diwan. At the time of leaving Anandpur on the night of December 20-21, 1704 A.D.
In May 1705 A.D., at the call of the Guru, he reached Talwandi Sabo where the Guru got him to write the original manuscript of the Holy Granth and prepare some copies. In 1708 A.D., Mother Sunder Kaur sent him from Delhi to Amritsar to be the Granthi of Harmandir Sahib.
When Guru Harkrishan Ji left their body, Bhai Mani Singh went with Mata Sulkhani Kaur to Bakale to find the next Guru. While searching for the next Guru, 22 people claimed to be the next Guru. Then they finally found the next Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji.
In 1735 A.D., Zakria Khan, the Governor of Lahore, ordered village headmen and landlords to finish Sikhs of their areas. He also appointed Diwan Lakhpat Rai, an enemy of the Sikhs, the administrator of Amritsar, and Qazi Abdul Razak as the police chief.
Zakariya Khan made a deal with Bhai Mani Singh that if he pays 5000 rupees the Sikhs could celebrate Diwali. Someone told Bhai Mani Singh that it was a set-up and to cancel all the Sikhs coming. He sent letters to all the Sikhs not to go to Amritsar to celebrate Diwali. Bhai Mani Singh was arrested for not paying the fee to Governor Zakariya Khan. The Qazi had asked him if he wanted to take up Islam or die.
By orders of Zakariya Khan, Bhai Mani Singh was executed at Nakhas, Lahore in December 1737 AD. The 'Nakhas' has since been known as Shaheed Ganj - the place of martyrdom. The executor had chopped off Bhai Mani Singh's wrist. Bahi Mani Sing JI laughed and said follow the instructions of your master, cut me joint by joint. The executor was confused and Bhai Mani Singh said you cut my wrist, my fingers are joints too.
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Shaheedi Purab Bhai Mani Singh Ji 2023
ਜਉ ਤਉ ਪ੍ਰੇਮ ਖੇਲਣ ਕਾ ਚਾਉ, ਸਿਰੁ ਧਰਿ ਤਲੀ ਗਲੀ ਮੇਰੀ ਆਉ॥
ਇਤੁ ਮਾਰਗਿ ਪੈਰੁ ਧਰੀਜੈ, ਸਿਰੁ ਦੀਜੈ ਕਾਣਿ ਨ ਕੀਜੈ॥
(ਸਲੋਕ ਵਾਰਾਂ ਤੇ ਵਧੀਕ, ਮਃ 1, ਪੰਨਾ 1412)
ਕਬੀਰ ਮਾਨਸ ਜਨਮੁ ਦੁਲੰਭੁ ਹੈ ਹੋਇ ਨ ਬਾਰੈ ਬਾਰ॥
ਜਿਉ ਬਨ ਫਲ ਪਾਕੇ ਭੁਇ ਗਿਰਹਿ ਬਹੁਰਿ ਨ ਲਾਗਹਿ ਡਾਰ॥ 30॥
(ਸਲੋਕ, ਭਗਤ ਕਬੀਰ ਜੀ, ਪੰਨਾ 1361)
ਜੀਵਿ ਜੀਵਿ ਮੁਏ ਮੁਏ ਜੀਵੇ॥ ਕੇਤਿਆ ਕੇ ਬਾਪ ਕੇਤਿਆ ਕੇ ਬੇਟੇ ਕੇਤੇ ਗੁਰ ਚੇਲੇ ਹੂਏ॥
ਆਗੈ ਪਾਛੈ ਗਨਤ ਨ ਆਵੈ ਕਿਆ ਜਾਤੀ ਕਿਆ ਹੁਣਿ ਹੂਏ॥
(ਵਾਰ-ਸਾਰਗ, ਮਃ 1, ਪੰਨਾ 1238)
*Date of Birth of Bhai Mani Singh is debatable.
Read the Detailed Biography by clicking here.
Bhai Mani Singh Ji Shaheedi Purab 2023
The day commemorates the martyrdom of great Scholar Bhai Mani Singh Ji, who accepted cutting his joint by joint for the Dharma, for Sikh Values.