Guru Nanak Dev Ji | Founder of Sikhism | 1st Sikh Guru Biography

Guru Nanak Dev Ji aka Baba Nanak

Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji founded the Sikh faith. He proclaimed the divine word for the indivisible nature of God ‘Ik Oankar’ and gave the world a lofty “Mool Mantra”

Name of Guru

Satguru Nanak Dev Ji, Bedi Linage which originated from the Son of Lord Rama – Kush. In Kush’s linage, there was Kaalket who recited Vedas in Kashi, and thereafter Bedi Vansh came to existence.


Rai Bhoin Di Talwandi, Sri Nankana Sahib


1526 Bikrami Kattak Sudi Poornmashi, 2 Gharis before Morning in Anuradha Nakshatra. The day was Wednesday, November 29th, 1469. (According to Damdami Taksal.) Now It is widely accepted that Guru Nanak Ji was born on the Poornmashi of Vaisakh, and Not in Kattak but in Traditions, we still celebrate the Birthday of Guru Nanak Dev Ji in Kattak. However, more recently Sikh Historian Harjinder Singh Dilgeer proved the hoax of Vaisakh wrong and concluded Kattak was the original Gurpurab. You can read this article – Real Date of Birth of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.


Mother Tripta Ji, Father Baba Kalyan Chand Ji aka Kalu Ji, Chacha Lalu aka Lal Chand Ji, Grandfather Shivram Das Ji, Grandmother Banarasi Ji, Great grandfather Baba Kalpat Rai Ji, Sister Nanaki who was 5 years older than Guru Nanak.


Mata Sulakhni Ji belonged to Chona Gotra Village Pakho Ke Randhawe, Batala City. Married on Jeth 24th 1545 Bikrami.


From Birth

Joti Jot

1596 Bikrami Assu Vadi Dasmi, Sri Kartarpur Sahib, 10th October 1539


Baba Sri Chand Ji Born on 1551 Bikrami, Baba Lakhmi Dass Ji Born on 1554 Bikrami

Total Age

69 Years, 10 Months, 10 Days

Guruship Period

69 Years, 10 Months, 10 Days

Throned King

Bahlol Lodhi (Father of Sikander Lodhi), Sikander Lodhi, Babur

Short Biography of Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Guru Nanak Sahib Ji was Born at Talwandi, Nankana Sahib (Now in Pakistan). He traveled India’s North, South, East, and West including Arabia, Mesopotamia, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Afghanistan, Burma, and Tibet for about 24 years, accompanied by Bhai Mardana (a Muslim) who played on the rebeck, while the Guru sang hymns in the praise of the Lord, imparting his teachings to the mankind.

He got married at the age of 18 and had two sons, Sri Chand and Lakhmi Das. While giving the definition of a True Muslim Guru Nanak had said, Let compassion be your mosque, faith your prayer-mat, honest living your koran, modesty your circumcision, and contentment your fast.

He gave us the practical religion of all mankind with the basic concept of love for all along with the motherhood and fatherhood of God for all mankind which could be practiced only through the guidance of a teacher, the Guru, the enlightener. He totally rejected the practice of observing rituals or penance and would sing his songs-celestial pining for the beloved lord and enjoying the conjugal bliss of the Lord-spouse all the time.

Finally, Guru settled at Kartarpur (Now in Pakistan) with his family and spent 15 years, earning his living as a farmer, later joined by Bhai Lehna Ji, who was anointed as his successor in 1539. His Bani is documented in 31 Raags in living Guru Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.


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