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Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji

Guru Hargobind

Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was the first Saint Soldier among Sikh Gurus. Took up 2 swords of Miri and Piri, constructed Akal Takht – a symbolic of Raj Satta and Throne of the Eternal God.

Name of Guru

Sat Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, Sodh Linage

Birthplace

Wadali Sahib, 6 Miles from Wadali Sahib.

Birthday

1652 Bikrami Assarh (Haarh) Vadi Ekam 21 Haarh, Sunday Night of Pooranmashi, June 6th, 1596 CE Pushya Nakshatra.

Parents

Mata Ganga Ji, Father Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, Nana Krishan Chand Ji, Nani Dhanvanti Ji

Spouse

Mata Damodari Ji from Dalla Village Near Sultanpur, Grand-daughter of Bhai Paro Ji, Daughter of Narain Dass and Daya Kaur Ji. 2nd Wife Mata Nanaki Ji from Baba Bakala, 3rd Wife Mata Marwahi Ji (Mahadevi Ji) from Mandyali Daughter of Duara Ji and Mata Bhag

Gurgaddi

1663 Bikrami Jeth Vadi Ashtami, 15 May 1605 CE Amritsar Sahib, Above the Akal Takhat in Kothdi Sahib

Joti Jot

1695 Bikrami Chet Sudi Panchami, 28th March 1638 CE, Pataalpuri, Kiratpur Sahib *In Bir Bhai Mani Singh at Sri Hazoor Sahib + Twarikh Guru Khalsa + Sri Guru Panth Parkash Samvatt of Ascension is 1701 Bikrami. In Gur Bilas and Sri Gur Partap Suraj it is 16

Children

From Mata Damodari Ji – Baba Gurditta Ji, Beebi Veero Ji; From Mata Nanaki Ji – Baba Ani Rai, Satguru Teg Bahadar Ji & Baba Atal Rai Ji; From Mata Marwahi Ji – Suraj Mal Ji.

Total Age

42 Years 9 Months 19 Days

Guruship Period

32 Years 10 Months 12 Days

Throned King

Jahangir, Shahjahan

Guru Hargobind (1595-1644)

The son of Guru Arjan Dev, ascended the throne of Sikh Guruship on the martyrdom of his father when he was only 11 years old. He was trained in the art of horsemanship, swordsmanship, hunting, and wrestling. He built Akal Takht as the temporal seat of authority opposite the Golden Temple in Amritsar. He built a small fort, called Lohgarh and kept a small army (cavalry).

The Guru ordained his Sikhs to bring offerings of weapons and horses. So Jehangir (Mughal ruler) imprisoned the Guru in the fort of Gwalior for about 12 years, though later on the Emperor tried to befriend him. Guru Hargobind traveled far and wide including Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh. He fought four battles against the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan and inflicted heavy casualties on the enemy. The Guru lived the last year of his life in meditation, leading a simple life. Finally, he appointed his grandson Har Rai as his successor.

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