Guru Har Rai Ji

Sri Guru Har Rai Ji

Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji – 7th Sikh Guru Devoted himself to further spreading the teachings of Guru Nanak, and excommunicated his son Ram Rai from Sikhi for manipulating a word of Gurbani in front of Aurangzeb.

Name of Guru

Sat Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, Sodh Vansh.

Birthplace

Kiratpur Sahib Ji

Birthday

1687 Bikrami Magh Sudi 14th, Sunday, 5th February 1620 CE, Nakshatra Bharni

Parents

Mata Nihal Kaur Ji from Batala, Nana Rama Ji, Nani Sukhdeyi Ji. Father Baba Gurditta Ji – Son of Satguru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

Spouse

Mata Krishan Kaur Ji, Chand Kaur Ji, Ram Kaur Ji, Kot Kalyani Ji, Tokhi Ji, Anokhi Ji, Lado Ji, Prem Kaur Ji. According to Bhai Mani Singh’s Gur Bilas – King of Anoop Pur near Garh Ganga came to Satguru Hargobind Sahib Ji for Darshan with entire family, a

Gurgaddi

1695 Bikrami Chet Sudi 13th, Kiratpur Sahib, 22nd March 1638 CE

Joti Jot

1718 Bikrami Kattak Vadi 9th, November 8th, 1661 CE, Patalpuri, Kiratpuur Sahib.

Children

Baba Ram Rai Ji from Mata Ram Kaur Ji, Sri Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji from Mata Krishan Kaur Ji.

Total Age

30 Years, 8 Months, 20 Days

Guruship Period

22 Years, 6 Months, 20 Days

Throned King

Shahjahan, Aurangzeb

Short Biography of Guru Har Rai Ji

Though Guru Hari Rai kept a cavalry of 2200 Sikhs ready to defend the faith and was himself a great hunter, his heart was so tender that he would capture, but never kill a bird.

Once, lost in his thoughts, he was passing through a garden and a flower fell from the stem struck by the flaps of his loose coat. He was so much filled with remorse that he pledged that thereafter he would always keep the loose folds assembled in his arm, and to this, he stuck throughout his life.

And yet when Dara Shikoh, a Sufi brother of Aurangzeb, losing the battle of succession, was fleeing towards the west, and came to Goindwal to ask for the Guru’s help, he arrayed his men along the river Beas and held the pursuing forces till Data had fled to security. Aurangzeb did not forgive this, and as soon as he came to the throne, he asked the Guru to present himself in his court. The Guru did not go himself but sent his son, Ram-Rai, to see the Emperor.

Aurangzeb received him well and said he only wanted to be assured that there was nothing derogatory to the Muslims in the Sikh Scripture, nor were the -Sikhs poised against the imperial rule. Ram Rai with his vast spiritual background and cultured manners pleased the Emperor much, but once misinterpreted the Word of Guru Nanak, carried off by his desire to give not the slightest offense to his host.

The Sikhs of Delhi reported the matter to the Guru and the latter was so ieJ but never to see him again. During his whole period, the Guru pursued missionary activities with great zeal and never for once either sought or was given, an opportunity to clash with the Moghal rule. He died in 1661 handing over his charge to his tender son, Hari Krishan.

 

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