Guru Angad Dev Ji

Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji

Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji created and Introduced the Gurmukhi Script. He started the tradition of “Mall Akhada” and expanded the institution of Langar.

Name of Guru

Guru Angad Dev Ji, Trehan (Tehan) Linage – A Linage from Laxman’s Son Taksh.


Matte Di Sarai (Naange Di Sarai), Tehsil Muktsar, Distt Muktsar


Vaisakh Vadi 1st, (5th Vaisakh) Samvat 1561, (March 31, 1504) Nakshatra Bharni


Mother Mata Sabhrai Ji aka Daya Kaur, Father Baba Pheru Mal Ji, Grandfather Kirat Mal Ji


Mata Khivi Ji from Khadur Sahib, Father-in-law Devi Dass Ji, Mother-in-law Bhirayi Ji, Married on 16 Maghar 1576 Bikrami.


6 October 1539 CE, Bikrami 1596 Bikrami Assu Vadi Panchami Shraadh, 5 Days before the Ascension of Satguru Nanak Dev Ji.

Joti Jot

1609 Bikrami Chet Sudi 4th, Khadur Sahib, 29th March 1552


Baba Daasu Ji, Baba Daatu Ji, Bibi Amro Ji, Bibi Anokhi Ji

Total Age

47 Years 11 Months 3 Days

Guruship Period

12 Years 6 Months 14 Days

Throned King

Humayun, Shershah Suri

Guru Angad Dev Ji Biography

Born in Matte-di-Sarai in the Ferozepur district in a very poor family, he was 45 when he came to the Throne of Nanak. He continued the work of Guru Nanak for thirteen years after him.

His chief contribution to the Sikh movement was his insistence on absolute surrender to God, humility, and dedicated service to humanity. It is recorded that it was he who gave vogue to the native script of Panjabi, Gurmukhi, and got the sayings and a biography of his Master written in this script, though the script was known and widely used even before him by the Khatris for keeping their accounts. Before him, Guru Nanak too had rejected Sanskrit, in preference to the indigenous spoken languages of the people, Panjabi and Hindi, as the great Buddha had done before by making Pali, then the vernacular of North India, the vehicle of his message. This dealt a severe blow to the hereditary priestly class.

Marriage and Sewa

Guru Angad was a married householder before he was converted to the new faith, and had two daughters and two sons. After he ascended to the Spiritual Throne of Guru Nanak, his wife, Khivi, served in the community kitchen, he himself living on coarse bread earned by him by twisting moonj.

Along with his spiritual mission, he inculcated in his people the love of sports and organized wrestling bouts for the youngsters.

A man of great forbearance, he once reprimanded Amar Das, his devout follower, for giving his approval to the violence the villagers indulged in against a monk who was very jealous of the Guru’s repute and incited them to do violence to the person of the Guru. Guru Angad said to Amar Das, “You should endure what is unendurable, suffer what is insufferable. You should have endurance like the earth, steadfastness in joy and sorrow like a mountain, and have a pardon in the heart like the river.”

Like Guru Nanak, he too put his sons to a severe test, but finding them wanting, he consecrated Amar Das, his devout disciple, to be his successor.

Trivia: Guru Angad Dev Ji’s History in Punjabi

ਜਨਮ 1504
ਜਨਮ ਸਥਾਨ ਮੱਤੇ ਦੀ ਸਰਾਂ ਮੁਕਤਸਰ, ਜਿਲਾ ਫਿਰੋਜਪੁਰ
ਮਾਤਾ ਦਾ ਨਾਮ ਮਾਤਾ ਨਿਹਾਲ ਜੀ (ਸਭਰਾਈ)
ਪਿਤਾ ਦਾ ਨਾਮ ਫੇਰੂਮਲ ਜੀ
ਵਿਆਹ ਕਦੋਂ ਹੋਇਆ ਸੰਨ 1519
ਵਿਆਹ ਕਿਸ ਨਾਲ ਹੋਇਆ ਖੀਵੀ ਜੀ ਨਾਲ
ਕਿੰਨ੍ਹੀ ਸਨਤਾਨ ਸੀ 4 ਔਲਾਦ ਸੀ, ਦੋ ਬੇਟੇ (ਪੁੱਤ) ਅਤੇ ਦੋ ਬੇਟਿਆਂ (ਧੀ)
ਔਲਾਦ ਦਾ ਨਾਮ ਦਾਸੁ ਜੀ, ਦਾਤੁ ਜੀ, ਬੀਬੀ ਅਨੋਖੀ ਜੀ ਅਤੇ ਬੀਬੀ ਅਮਰੋ ਜੀ
ਸਮਕਾਲੀਨ ਬਾਦਸ਼ਾਹ ਹੁੰਮਾਯੂ, ਸ਼ੇਰਸ਼ਾਹ ਸੂਰੀ ਅਤੇ ਇਸਲਾਮ ਸ਼ਾਹ ਸੂਰੀ
ਬਾਣੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਯੋਗਦਾਨ 62 ਸਲੋਕ 10 ਵਾਰਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ
ਪੁਰਾਣਾ ਨਾਮ ਭਾਈ ਲਹਣਾ ਜੀ
ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ ਨਾਲ ਪਹਿਲੀ ਵਾਰ ਕਦੋਂ ਮਿਲੇ ਸੰਨ 1532 ਵਿੱਚ
ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ ਨੇ ਗੁਰੂਮੁਖੀ ਅੱਖਰ ਕਿਹੜੇ ਸਾਲ ਵਿੱਚ ਬਣਾਏ? 1541 ਵਿੱਚ
ਮਾਤਾ ਖੀਵੀ ਲੰਗਰ ਵਿੱਚ ਕੀ ਸੇਵਾ ਕਰਦੇ ਸਨ? ਕੜਾਹ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦ ਅਤੇ ਖੀਰ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਦੀ ਸੇਵਾ
ਗੁਰੂ ਪਦ ਤੇ ਕਦੋਂ ਵਿਰਾਜਮਾਨ ਹੋਏ 1539 ਈਸਵੀ
ਕਿੰਨ੍ਹੇ ਸਮਾਂ ਤੱਕ ਗੁਰੂ ਪਦ ਤੇ ਰਹੇ ਲੱਗਭੱਗ 12 ਸਾਲ
ਜੋਤੀ-ਜੋਤ ਕਦੋਂ ਸਮਾਏ 1552
ਜੋਤੀ-ਜੋਤ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਸਮਾਏ ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਖਡੂਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਜੀ

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